Types of bleeding can be identified by the kind of blood vessel that was severed.

      • gauzepadsArteries – bright red and pumping
      • Veins – darker red and not pumping
      • Capillaries – oozing

Often bleeding stems from a mixture of these, and it may be external or internal. External bleeding can be by treated by four rudimentary methods.

Direct Pressure – put your finger or hand directly on the bleeding wound.

Pad and Pressure – use anything clean you can find, such as a towel, a piece of clothing, et cetera, but preferably sterile gauze, if you have it nearby.

Compression of Pressure Points – cut off hemorrhagepapertape at the point where the arteries are supplying blood to the wound. The average person won’t know where to apply this type of pressure, though.

Tourniquet – use elastic bands, belts, scarves or any tying material to stop bleeding. Tourniquets are dangerous, though, as they can cause the permanent loss of a limb or other body part if circulation is cut off too long. Never leave a tourniquet on for more than thirty minutes.


See Bandaging for more information. Needless to say, get your pet to a veterinarian as soon as possible for any major injuries or internal bleeding.